Climate Action

Decarbonise now with gas!

Quick wins for the climate are possible with gas. The required technology and infrastructure are already in place to switch to gas in all sectors – heating, power generation and transport.

Gas Heating

Switching to modern gas heating systems is a quick and low-cost way to reduce CO2 emissions.

Reducing CO2 emissions with gas

The energy transition starts at home

Replacing a traditional oil-fired boiler with a modern gas condensing boiler would instantly reduce CO2 emissions by up to 55% - and even more with renewable gas while achieving efficiencies approaching 100%. With 80% of the current building stock expected to be still in place in 2050, gas condensing boilers are the most cost-effective way to reduce CO2 emissions.

Even further reductions can be achieved by installing gas heat pumps, micro-CHPs or fuel cells. All of these technologies work well with renewable energy systems such as solar panels.

And what’s more, micro-CHPs or fuel cells enable you to produce your own, clean reliable heat and electricity at home.

Clean Power Generation

Reducing emissions by switching to gas.

Gas: Quick wins for the climate

Switching from lignite to gas reduces CO2 emissions by up to 66%. Overall Europe has enough spare capacity in gas-fired generation to replace all coal-fired generation. Simply increasing the utilisation of gas-fired generation1 from 36% to 65% would reduce CO2 emissions by approx. 300 million tonnes per year.

Lower emissions with gas

Decarbonisation of Transport

Reducing emissions and improving air quality on the road and at sea.

Road: CNG vs. Diesel GHG reductions1,2

Tackling emissions with CNG and LNG

The use of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) in transport (including cars, light and heavy duty vehicles, and ships) greatly improves air quality thanks to very low emissions of NOx and particulates. Gas in transport also reduces CO2 emissions by around 25%.

There is no limit to blending natural gas with renewable gas (e.g. from waste, biomass, excess electricity) driving CO2 emissions towards zero in the long term.

As such gas can play a vital role in meeting both national and ambient air quality requirements, as well as the EU’s 2050 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction goals, particularly the 60% GHG target for transport.

Policy Recommendations

Climate Action

Build the future energy system with gas, wind and sun.

  • Coordinate the market design of electricity and gas for a stable system. Both can become increasingly efficient, renewable and decentralised.

Create a reliable and positive framework for the European gas market. Gas reduces ALL emissions in ALL energy sectors - instantly.

Give carbon a price that makes a difference:

  • Reform the ETS. It is still the most cost-efficient measure to reduce GHG emissions.
  • Failing this, consider other ETS-consistent, EU-wide measures, e.g. a carbon floor price or an emissions performance standard.

Ensure fair competition for gas and electricity in heating.

  • Don’t pick early winners. Let all technologies compete to deliver cost-efficient, low-carbon solutions to the customer.

Give renewable gas equal treatment with renewable electricity.

  • Tap into the vast potential of renewable gas and give it the same chances as renewable electricity.

Let gas decarbonise all transport sectors.

  • Build gas firmly into transport policy.
  • Support the development of fuelling infrastructure through the implementation of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive.