Quick wins for the climate are possible with gas. The required technology and infrastructure are already in place to switch to gas in all sectors – heating, power generation and transport.
Replacing a traditional oil-fired boiler with a modern gas condensing boiler would instantly reduce CO2 emissions by up to 55% - and even more with renewable gas while achieving efficiencies approaching 100%. With 80% of the current building stock expected to be still in place in 2050, gas condensing boilers are the most cost-effective way to reduce CO2 emissions.
Even further reductions can be achieved by installing gas heat pumps, micro-CHPs or fuel cells. All of these technologies work well with renewable energy systems such as solar panels.
And what’s more, micro-CHPs or fuel cells enable you to produce your own, clean reliable heat and electricity at home.
Switching from lignite to gas reduces CO2 emissions by up to 66%. Overall Europe has enough spare capacity in gas-fired generation to replace all coal-fired generation. Simply increasing the utilisation of gas-fired generation1 from 36% to 65% would reduce CO2 emissions by approx. 300 million tonnes per year.
The use of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) in transport (including cars, light and heavy duty vehicles, and ships) greatly improves air quality thanks to very low emissions of NOx and particulates. Gas in transport also reduces CO2 emissions by around 25%.
As such gas can play a vital role in meeting both national and ambient air quality requirements, as well as the EU’s 2050 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction goals, particularly the 60% GHG target for transport.